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Shocking claim that councils 'interview landlords under caution'

The heavy-handed administration of selective licensing schemes is driving out buy to let investors.

That’s the claim from David Kirwan of Kirwans law firm; he says he’s been contacted by landlords in selective scheme areas who are “utterly devastated” to find themselves hauled before the courts, simply for failing to apply for a licence.

He says that some local authorities - he names Liverpool as one example - are then inviting the offending landlords to attend a voluntary interview under caution; the precursor to a criminal prosecution in the Magistrates Court.


In worst case scenarios, landlords could be handed a criminal record, an order to repay 12 months’ rent, or be banned from renting out a property in the future.

Even if councils choose to avoid the courts, civil penalty fines of up to £30,000 can be imposed.

There is now a real fear, says Kirwan, that landlords providing good quality accommodation in areas affected by the schemes will sell-up and invest elsewhere, rather than risk falling foul of the rules.

“I am currently representing decent, professional people who have ventured into the world of buy to lets only to find themselves facing a criminal record for failing to apply for a licence that, in other areas of the city, would not even be deemed necessary,” he said.

“We’re not talking about roguish, exploitative landlords here; rather people who simply saw property as an investment that would see them through retirement.

“It is heart-breaking to watch them going through completely unnecessary criminal proceedings, simply for failing to apply for a licence.”

Using selective licensing legislation introduced by part three of the Housing Act 2004 in areas affected by poor-quality rental properties, irresponsible landlords and anti-social behaviour, local authorities (LAs) are able to introduce penalties that go well beyond the mandatory government landlord licensing rules.

Each scheme applies to a designated area for a period of five years, and landlords have to apply for a license for each home affected.

They are then awarded a licence to operate a property only after an assessment which must deem them to be ‘fit and proper’, as well as satisfy stipulations around the management and funding of the property and health and safety considerations.

Councils across the country have embraced the legislation, with schemes introduced in parts of areas such as Liverpool, Hastings, London, Durham and Oldham.

The schemes, which opponents claim are a way of boosting council funds, have also faced criticism for both the cost of licenses - which usually run to hundreds of pounds - and for the fact that they may drive the very rogue landlords they are supposed to weed out further underground.

They have also proved confusing for landlords, who are often unaware that their property even lies in a selective licensing area.

For those operating numerous properties across different areas, the situation can be more bewildering, as each council can create its own set of rules for each scheme.

Kirwan says that rogue landlords, ironically, may simply choose to avoid the licensed areas, moving their poor practices to areas where such schemes are not currently in place.

In June the government announced a review of selective licensing and how well it is working, with the findings due to be published next spring.

“While there may be many unethical landlords who absolutely need to be weeded out, they operate in an entirely different manner to the many decent men and women, some of whom are only just entering the rental sector, who simply want to provide good quality rental accommodation.

“For these people, who may be finding their way in the rental market, or are unaware that such schemes have even been introduced in their area, the idea that they could face prosecution with a conviction leading to limitless fines or outrageous penalty fines is nothing short of terrifying.

“Landlords are now telling me that, rather than face this sort of frightening action, they will either sell-up, or choose not to invest in property in affected areas in the first place. This will then reduce the choice of accommodation on offer for those renting, leading to a lose-lose situation for all.

“My advice to all landlords would be to check with their local council as to whether their property requires a licence, and to seek legal advice immediately if they receive a letter from their local LA threatening fines or prosecution.”

  • James B

    Disgraceful on the part of the council

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    Is it just me who’s getting very tired of the term ‘rogue’?

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    How about rogue councils, rogue tenants, rogue political activist, Shelter etc etc

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    UK accommodations are more disgraceful than in Eastern Europe. So I see it as great move.

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    There are rules and anyone who enters the lettings market has an obligation to adhere to them. Ignorance is no excuse. They are running a business not a benevolent society (there are rules that govern those as well I assume). If you don't want to abide by the law then don't let property. It's as simple as that.

    James B

    Missing the point of the article completely ..

  • S l
    • S l
    • 30 October 2018 22:03 PM

    the legal firm completely missed out most part of the country who abuse their power against decent landlord who are ignorant of the law. you cant expect normal people not working in the council to know the rules when it is not widely advertised to them. The council let the power go to their head and thoroughly enjoyed abusing it. where is the bygone days when council are suppose to be helpful and guide people through their maze of rules, now even council tax etc etc are hung up on who are landlords and where they lives. its none of their business. they are making a target for landlord whilst they throw their money enjoying themselves and target those who work hard and save to prepare for retirement through lettings.

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    Some councils should face court action on themselves. When I had an Inspection on a flat in a council block of which the council was the biggest landlord the told me to carry out and install items that they didn't apply to their properties. Mine had 3 tenants yet the identical council owned flat to mine could and in come cases did have up to 6 tenants. I made them instal and fit the same items as they insisted I had to. Stupid or clueless. Worst part is now I dont need to renew my 5 year licence anymore. So my 5 year fee was money wasted on my part. What we as portfolio landlords can never ever forgive is that the council caused the biggest death toll through their miss management of a council building.

  • S l
    • S l
    • 31 October 2018 09:27 AM

    hi steve sykes, please can you file your case to the parliament and hope they take that into account as this is real case. since the council couldnt find anymore slum landlord or rogue landlord, they went on to ue for smoke alarms and not applying for licences and harrassment on with interview under caution to enhance their revenue yet they take the taxpayers money to pay for council staff!! the council are a law upon themselves and make law and regulation as they go along. the caution power is not to be use lightly but does not apply to the council? so landlord now are criminals same degree as murder and rapist. uk has lost its mind


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