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Shock as Rent Controls backed by Judicial Review decision

There’s been widespread dismay in the industry as the outcome of a Judicial Review has backed the Scottish Government’s objective of implementing rent controls. 

Propertymark describes the policy as “hugely detrimental to the Scottish private rental sector” and the decision confirmed by the courts now enables the Scottish Government to start implementing this “fundamentally flawed policy.” 

A rent freeze for existing tenancies was implemented in September 2022 – becoming law in October 2022. 


The original aim behind the Scottish Government’s decision was to stop tenants from being evicted by a landlord needing or wanting to raise rents. 

However, agents say that in reality it has been proven to drive away investment by landlords to providing high quality and safe housing which is desperately needed. 

Propertymark has been a leading advocate seeking legal counsel regarding the legitimacy of this proposed new legislation. The argument was that the new proposed laws would prove disproportionate and unfair between tenant and landlord, with ther group playing a lead role on petitioning a Judicial Review which was submitted to the Court of Session in Edinburgh in January 2023.  

The petition argued that by discriminating against certain sections of society, the new legislation had the potential to breach the European Convention of Human Rights which, despite Brexit, still has jurisdiction on such subjects currently. 

From April 1 this year the Scottish Government committed a U-turn by implementing a rent cap instead of a rent freeze. This limited rent rises in the private sector to between three and six per cent, and these changes were made as part of the Cost of Living (Tenant Protection) Act 2023.   

There had been calls for England to follow suit, as recent media reports have questioned whether Scotland’s policy of rent controls could become instructive for England. However, Housing Secretary Michael Gove’s latest decision has been to not follow the Scottish model.   

Propertymark insists that the Scottish Government’s policy of rent controls has not resulted in any measurable benefits, and in fact rents continue to increase across Scotland, recording an overall 13.7 per cent annual rise as at Q3 2023, sending average rents within the region of £1115 per month.  

Many landlords have expressed serious concerns they may be forced out of the sector entirely. However, the true extent of any exodus to date remains unknown until the next Scottish Housing Survey is published in full, having been scaled back since the onset of the Covid-19 pandemic.  

Nathan Emerson, CEO at Propertymark, says: "The private rented sector is a crucial provider of housing and has been incredibly let down by a clear lack of understanding which is now driving good landlords away from the private rented sector. The economics of providing high quality homes is becoming alarmingly unviable.

"Private landlords currently commit to providing homes on a huge scale across Scotland and they must be assured that they can cover all costs. When developing policies that directly affect the private rented sector it’s vital that ministers fully understand the investment economics that sit behind the supply of high-quality homes to rent. Ministers must ensure housing policies include wide ranging impact assessments to ensure the system is fully workable for landlords, tenants, and agents alike.”

  • Matthew Payne

    Wasnt aware this was going on, but I am suprised. A judicial review is there to challenge the lawfullness of the decision taken, ie they didnt have the authority to make that decision, or they contravened an existing piece of legislation in making that decision, but not to challenge the possible outcome or repercussions that decision might have on X, Y or Z which is speculative.

  • icon

    As we all know, there is no situation so bad that a politician cannot make it worse. Just a thought, when there is to be a new tenant why not charge very high rent with a variable discount or a standard rent plus other charges such as hire of furnture or kitchen fittings or other.


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