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Graham Awards


Report identifies tenants most at risk from EPC rule changes

London’s renters are most at risk from finding their homes either being un-lettable or their landlord selling up due to the costs of having to upgrade their leaky homes under proposed government EPC regulations.

Research by data firm Outra says 4.5m rental properties across the UK currently have an EPC rating of D or below. 

There are 841,000 of those in London, accounting for 1.9m rooms: in total, there are 4.7m rooms across the UK in rental properties EPC D or below.


These homes fall short of the government’s aim for all houses to reach a minimum C rating by 2028. The government will reportedly cap the maximum spend per property at £10,000 – regardless of whether or not the C rating is achieved, meaning landlords face a cumulative bill of £45 billion just to upgrade their properties to the bare minimum.

Currently, all privately rented homes in England and Wales need to meet a minimum energy performance of band E before they can be let.

Ministers had previously proposed a deadline of 2025 for newly let rentals to achieve an energy performance rating of at least a C, and a deadline of 2028 for all other rented properties. Reportedly this deadline will be set at least three years later in 2028 and apply to all rental properties. However, not confirmation of this has so far been received.

The UK has the oldest housing stock in Europe with almost 38 per cent of homes being built before 1946. This means that many homes have lower EPC ratings and will need upgrading to meet anticipated future regulatory changes. A home with a higher EPC rating is likely to be more insulated and efficient which will reduce energy usage and keep bills down. 

A spokesperson for Outra says: “Rental growth remains robust, storm clouds are on the horizon for buy to let investors. With higher interest rates eating into profits, even as average rents continue to increase, the sector is looking markedly less attractive as we move further away from historically low rates. 

“The real danger lies just around the corner in 2028, when all residential lettings need to meet a minimum EPC rating of C. For many small landlords, finding the cash to upgrade their properties in today’s tough environment may be the straw that breaks the camel’s back.”  

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    What this report fails to highlight are the thousands and thousands of residential landlords who identified this issue years ago and who have been working methodically and diligently to improve their rental units. EPCs came in 15 years ago, MEES Regs went live 8 years ago, its been totally illegal to receive rent from a tenant in an EPC Grade F or G house/flat for over 3 years. Let's be frank - rental units that are EPC Grade D or worse means the tenant is almost certainly living in fuel poverty, cannot heat themselves/family properly and cannot afford even an inflationary rent increase. Bad for them and very bad for the landlord. None of this is new news and the vast majority of landlords who attend CPD sessions organised by their solicitor, actually READ professional journals (rather than the web echo-chambers) have been improving their units over many years. Energy wasteful units (EPC Grade D or worse) are NOT fit-for-purpose and make terrible 'investment assets' for landlords. A domestic EPC is a straightforward running cost calculation and there are 21+ million on the public, national database. Long-term landlords get a draft predicted EPC done by a local energy assessor - insulate the walls and loft of their units and install a modern, efficient heating system such a gas combi or Dimplex night storage heaters (have you seen the low cost of night-time electricity thanks to the Government, Crown Estate and Orsted ringing the British Isles with off-shore wind turbines over the past 23 years?). Rational landlords have been 'getting on with it' for years and we're not stopping!

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    Gibbons, who are you ?

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    Gibbons is off again like the Duracell bunny.

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    Isn't it a shame that council houses which are not even required to have an EPC are so inefficient that if they had to obey the same rules as private landlords would only achieve an F or G EPC resulting in council tenants living in sub-standard and dangerous conditions and terrible fuel poverty
    We have to ask ourselves why the so called tenants rights groups chose to look the other way whilst council tenants are forced to live a miserable existence in appalling conditions ,
    With their multi million pound bank accounts and their highly paid bosses you would think shelter ,acorn generation rent etc would be spend a tiny fraction of their immense wealth actually helping these poor council tenants.
    Unfortunately it appears they are only interested in helping the big corporate conglomerates create a total monopoly of the housing market by driving out the little family landlords
    I am sure the big corporate monopolies will find a way to express their gratitude

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    .....Gibbons..........on the ball............lol........... probably in the pay of the people who will use the green nonsense to remove your cars and homes.................. the government policies are having exactly the correct effect......... destroying the private rental market..........then all housing will be controlled by government and corporate............


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